Lyn Laubscher



Uncle Erich And Aunty Joan

Two angels walked there

Once upon a time…Two angels were lost in the forests of Africa.

Lazy lions saw their equals and let them pass in honour,

whilst elegant eagles gasped at them in wonder.

As adults were drawn to their fun and laughter,

littlest children sought them lovingly

and the heavens sang joyously.

They never complained of the hyenas, forgiving them their silliness.

And, wherever they walked beautifully coloured butterflies would flutter,

their flittery flight filling the air with a glitter scented breeze.

Though they could fly, they chose instead to walk through the forests of Africa.

The plains lived ever brighter because they were there,

and the air was sweeter still because of their care.

Every bird song twittered more joyfully,

as those gentle little creatures stopped to stare.

Telling everyone…that two angels walked there.

Some think the hyenas got their silly way,

but I believe they were never lost at all,

choosing instead to hide their wings,

especially…to see us and bless our day.

Birthplace of the Sun is dedicated to my Aunt Joan and Uncle Erich Illemann who joined the angels within five months of each other (13th of February and the 7th of July 2016).

Their hearts were pure and dedicated to their special love.

The power of Peridot


Peridot, being the center stone of the golden headpiece Angela had to find to begin her mission, in Birthplace of the Sun, meant that its purpose had to perfectly fit the story.  The beautiful thing is that when I chose peridot, to be the center stone, it was on faith alone.  It was only months later when polishing the story, and researching its different aspects more fully, that I discovered all these amazing attributes to Peridot and how perfectly it actually fit.   If ever there was a validation of Steven Pressfield’s thoughts (as he expressed them in the amazing: The War of Art, which I’ve recently completed and blogged on in my LyLau Artistry blog) on Muses (I see them more as guides) who support artists, writers, and the like, I have to say it was this.  It gave me that ah-hah moment of wonder at the entire process and an awed ‘Wow!’ with huge gratitude for being part of it all.

The following sites were consulted, and I share just a few of the attributes from each, with the odd note of my own:

  1.  Jewels for me
    1. Legend has it that, Peridot if set in gold dispels terrors of the night, even as it protects the wearer from the evil eye (jealousy), which Angela would battle nightly till her mission was successfully completed;
    2. It is said to help one understand ones destiny or spiritual purpose, and Angela would use it to find her powers of healing;
    3. Peridot gives self confidence, which any person would need once they’d learned that they were one of the Birth Mothers of earth;
    4. It also heals and regenerates tissue;
    5. The Bishop of Mainz (1100 years ago): ‘…is shown true spiritual preaching accompanied by miracles.’
    6. Interesting facts:
      1. Also known as Chrysolite;
      2. First mined in 1400BC, on Topazo Island, in the Egyptian Red Sea;
      3. It is formed of very slowly cooled magma, as the east solidified;
      4. It is also found in meteorites;
      5. Hawaii’s black basalt rocks are studded with tiny Peridot grains;
      6. South Africa’s Kimberlite (mineral matrix where diamonds are found) holds microscopic grains of Peridot;
      7. Cleopatra’s emeralds are believed to have actually been Peridot;
      8. The Smithsonain houses a stone of 310 carats;
      9. Believed to be the second gem in Aaron’s breastplate in the Bible and may also have been the seventh foundation stone for the New Jerusalem.
  2. Healing Crystals
    1. Peridot offers deep healing vibrations to the entire body, for any type of energy healing;
    2. A powerfully protective crystal.
  3. Healing Crystals for you
    1. Important cellular rejuvenator, and thus highly beneficial in the types of healings Angela would need to perform;
    2. A stone for prosperity and happiness, as she sought her ‘Great love’;
    3. Other interesting facts about Peridot:
      1. Found in Brazil, Pakistan, Australia, Ireland, Russia, SriLanka, USA and Egypt;
      2. Also known as Olivine as iron gives it its green colouring.
  4. Crystal and Jewelry
    1. Found Peridot to be a stone of compassion, which is an important component in the story for it was Angela’s compassion that led her to heal;
    2. An excellent healer, it noted that Peridot also assists in rebirth and renewal of all kinds;
    3. Finally, it assists in finding what is lost and strengthens ESP.  Angela needed her Peridot headpiece to locate the hidden golden sphere.
  5. Charms of Light
    1. Adds that Peridot opens the heart to joy and new relationships.   Perhaps that allowed Angela to be more open to seeing herself and Jacques in a new way.
  6. Vivalachi
    1. Beautifully, the ancient Egyptians are said to have called Peridot ‘the gem of the sun’.  What could possibly tie in more perfectly, with the ‘Birthplace of the sun’?
    2. Ancient lore also believed that it was a gift of Mother Nature to celebrate the annual creation of a new world.  Again perfect as Angela was, after all, a Birth Mother of Earth;
    3. It was also said to dissolve enchantments and wizardry, which came in handy as Angela tried to beat off the curse of evil Birth Mothers;
    4. Of course, being able to help dreams become reality, was both a blessing and a curse for Angela, as it would bring her great love and great evil;
    5. Interesting facts:
      1. Also known as Topazion and Topazius by the Greeks and Romans;
      2. Its chemical composition is: magnesium iron silicate;
      3. A crystal system of short, compact prisms, which are vertically striated;
      4. Hardness: 6.5-7 (Mholhs scale);
      5. It is also currently being researched to possibly remove CO2 from the atmosphere, and in a process to also produce energy.
  7. Spheres of Light
    1. Described it as a ‘sun’ stone, which generates warm, happy and friendly dispositions;
    2. It wards off evil spirits, especially Birth Mothers;
    3. Legends note them glowing at night;
    4. A healing crystal used in childbirth, it is thus also the perfect gift from the Creator to a Birth Mother;
    5. Opens one to new challenges and adventures, which the couple experienced in abundance;
    6. Used to channel spirits and dissolve enchantments;
    7. Magical uses: love, environment, natural healing of people and the planet (especially land and forests);
    8. Associated with goddesses:
      1. Fashioned into cups for soma to connect with the nature goddess, Isis (Egyptian goddess of magic and giver of life);
      2. Hathor (Egyptian goddess of love, motherhood, joy and fertility.  Patron goddess of miners too) to help women in childbirth;
      3. Venus (Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility).
  8. My CrystalPedia
    1. Symbolises the sun;
    2. Assists in rebirth and renewal of all kinds;
    3. Meditate with it to connect to the Divine Mind, as it draws down energy and vibrations from higher dimensions, which Angela needed on many occasions.
  9. Shimmerlings
    1. Especially good at healing healers, which was again something that was vital to the success of the mission;
    2. Protection from enchantment and wards off illusion, evil spirits and the evil eye;
    3. Regulator of the cycles of life, such as birth;
    4. Visionary stone, connecting us to our destiny and understanding our purpose;
    5. Mirrors bad energies back to its origins;
    6. Brings vitality and healing to the entire body
    7. Also connected to:
      1. Indian: Lakshmi
      2. Egyptian: Isis
      3. Celtic: Cernunnus.

It was revelations such as these, during the course of writing this book, which both humbled and uplifted.

Thank you Creator.

New roles for all

The new role of women

The unconsidered impact of female empowerment

As a child, there were clearly defined rules and roles

The men went out to work and provided for the family, as they had for centuries, whilst the women took care of their home, children and husbands.  Breadwinner status gave men certain responsibilities in terms of ensuring the financial wellbeing of their family and together with that came authority.  Breadwinners determined what they would pay for, so the one who paid the bills ‘knew what was best‘ and resisting that meant risking losing their financial support.

Roles changed

Role hierarchy was implanted into our psyche.  We learned, observed and collated, as fact, what our roles would be based upon the society of our youth.  When it suddenly changed, it caught us all off guard and we suddenly found ourselves in unchartered territory, leaving us uncertain of how to deal with all the issues it created.

Women began contributing towards the rent and other expenses giving them a more meaningful say, resulting in a shift of responsibility, and with it a sharing of the accompanying authority.

As women became co-breadwinners, they also gained nearly equal legal rights in society,
and so they naturally expected the same consideration at home, resulting in many a family quandary.  
Women who were not granted that consideration, now also had the means of escaping the relationship that was not fulfilling their needs, rocketing divorce rates and dividing family units.

‘…you have a veritable army of warriors at your beck and call, for goodness sake!
I don’t feel you need me anymore and I am not sure…what role…what purpose…I am supposed to play in a relationship like that,’ Jacques confessed.

– Birthplace of the Sun

The heroic couple in the novel each have to face their own fears, uncertainties and insecurities, as they grapple with a rapid role change thrust upon their budding relationship.  But, they also need to have the courage and trust in one another to share their feelings, for without full disclosure they could not hope to grow stronger together.  Will they both have what it takes to go there?

Going there takes enormous courage

To the outsider it may appear as though Jacques is weak but, in fact, it takes a heroically strong person to reveal their true feelings.  It takes a person who is incredibly confident within themselves and who does not rely on others opinions for self-validation.  A person needs to be superbly secure to risk losing everything, as they recognize the value in a strong relationship that will endure over time.  Someone like that, will not want to waste time hanging onto the illusions of a relationship that cannot last.  Finally, it takes that much courage to make every relationship work and everyone who has gone there is incredibly heroic.

The solution may not be the same for everyone and, though challenging, that’s okay

Individuals need to find a personal solution that works for them, whilst society addresses the consequences, how to avoid the potential fallout implications, and how to find a working solution to support the issue.

Any solution should first be openly and honestly discussed before being freely agreed to by equals.  It should be flexible enough to change over time, as each couple adapts to the updated circumstances in their relationship, and it therefore requires constant revisiting and work to succeed.

The x-ology of answers

Seeking answers only youth’s seek, I majored in Psychology looking for that one-size-fits-all insight into the human psyche and was left personally disappointed.  My unfairly high expectations remained, not too surprisingly, unmet.  The strings of universal theories, which became law until they were disproven, left more questions than answers.  I, being the contrary being that I am – the curious ‘Divergent’ – did not seem to ‘fit’ into any of the box options presented.

Over time, however, I’ve come to a new perspective…Not everything can have a single universal solution and that to seek one is often naïveté, especially with regards to humanity.  Aged wisdom (if I may be so bold, facing the big 5-0) has taught that questions are often as important as answers, for they lead to unforeseen treasures through exploration of the concepts themselves.

The later study of EcoMetrics (based upon Ecology) completed the picture, in the validation that I was not the only odd-ball out there and that we are all unique and process differently, which is actually a beautiful thing to be celebrated.  Further, it revealed that evolution is alive in us all.  Who we were last year, or ten years ago, is seldom the person we are today for we are constantly changing and adapting.  But, we do also have an area of consistency at our core – an area which some would argue is our inherent being, which I like to think of as our soul attributes.

Ecology requires us to learn from our past experiences, to prioritize our needs according to our current circumstances, and to draw on all our talents (learned and inherent) to become who we are today.  It taught that we can and do choose to change, as we roll with life’s punches and kisses.

Psychology highlighted the power of questioning, even as Ecology highlighted the celebration of diversity.


Men who opt to embrace the new social reality, have other challenges to deal with beyond the struggle to also find a new role for themselves.  They have to deal with the perception, from their unaccepting peers, that they are somehow weak and hen-pecked for seeing reason.  The fact that this route usually shows strength of character, confidence in their manhood and foresight, may become lost beneath the weight of judgement.

Whereas, men who resist the change will find their relationship partner choice greatly reduced and, with time, even their career opportunities as organizations move towards full equality.

Woman also face battles but with other choices and challenges:

  1. Toughen up and fight: Where they’re the new kids on the block, and do not fully understand the rules of engagement in a world still run by men, where the constant fighting leaves some less feminine and more militaristic (a little scary in fact). They are so set to fight that they may even battle to know when and how to stop fighting and pick their battles for a more balanced view;
  2. Overwhelmed:  Others are not fully ready to deal with the new burdens, challenges and responsibilities, and some may even long for the return of a-man-in-charge to save them from the constant decision burden at home at least, which would explain some of the success of ‘Fifty shades of grey’ and similar;
  3. Rework the rules:  Choosing the more co-operative route to find a new way that will work, requires maturity on both sides in order to compromise for ultimate win-win success.
  4. Status quo: Reject feminine power, choosing to ignore the change and to keep things as they were.

Any of the above have their merits and their challenges, and it is up to the individual to decide what will work best for them after considering all the consequences.  Everyone has the right to decide freely on the route they would choose to follow, as long as it is done without fear or pressure.


Once made, a decision must be respected and clearly followed, as there is very little room for fence sitting in the name of convenience.

A case in point…I know a lady in her mid thirties who is married with two young children.  She and her two boys recently left her husband, once she realized that he was not going to change.  He’d beaten her, taken numerous amours on the side threatening her with them and he’d used her salary to pay their bills.  When they’d first separated he would aggressively confront her insisting that she pay the money he needed to have his criminal record squashed because she had caused it by reporting his abuse to the authorities.  The fact that squashing a criminal record is even possible, moral or should be permitted at all…I will not get into here.  Though fearful, she’d stood her ground and he eventually changed tack becoming more conjoling and wanting to move in with her to save money, insisting that he loved her.  Despite that, he still refused to own up and acknowledge his wrongdoings to his family, who had falsely blamed and ostracized her for the breakup.  He still wouldn’t take responsibility, as deep down he still believed that the man ‘owns’ his family and that he was within his rights to do as he pleased with them.  The issue is that this traditional man was fence sitting.  He wanted her equal money and support but he refused to be honest, change his ways and grant her the accompanying equal rights and respect.  The result was that she learned to stand up for and insist upon them for herself.

Any relationship will disintegrate under the pressures of life’s challenges if it is not built on a solid foundation of hard work, mutual respect and honesty.

Awareness of the issues, discussion and a genuine willingness to find an answer will lead to their own solutions.  It may not be the solution that one came into it expecting but that’s also good, for then it was arrived at without forcing a pre-set position.  The only rule is that it be handled in such a way as to find that win-win resolution for everyone involved.

The fact is…it is not easy for anyone to solve but the rewards of a job well done will lead to a life well blessed.

Female Empowerment…a novel focus

Regina 2b

‘Birthplace of the Sun’ subtly explores the social impact of increasingly powerful women and the constant updating of gender roles.  Gone is the need for chest beating alfa males, except in certain scenarios such as protecting loved ones from marauding spiders and hijackers.  There can be no doubt that the traditional role of men has been challenged, as they are no longer the sole breadwinner and thus undisputed ruler of the family group.

Globally, men face the challenge of their updated role in society without any real reference, as their roles are so radically different from those of previous generations and the majority of their role models.  South African men are only now truly beginning this journey, and at a much accelerated pace.

Thanks to B-BBEE, South African women are now being offered jobs that their men are not and this is dramatically hastening their role evolution.  Imagine the shock to the psyche of a man whose general society is still mostly incredibly patriarchal in nature but who now has to deal with a woman demanding equal consideration.  Whilst legislation has ensured women are empowered, it has neither fully considered the impact this has on their personal relationships and their role in a still mostly traditional society; nor has it offered methods of resolving conflicts that will result from it, and, it has also not encouraged the difficult conversations around resolving it either.

This, if not specifically addressed by each individual couple, may lead to undesirable scenarios, such as:

  1. Domestic conflict and violence, as men try to regain control of what was lost;
  2. Discontent and divorce, as partners give up trying to find solutions;
  3. Feelings of no longer being valued leading to inferiority concerns;
  4. Increased substance abuse and eating disorders to seek comfort elsewhere;  and,
  5. Even the search for various fantasy, pseudo or actual escapes as individuals go into denial.

All have become very real problems, and though, I’m not suggesting that this issue is the sole cause…it should, at least, be considered a large contributing factor.

Both sexes need to come together to find optimal ways of working and living together, which respects both their uniquely individual needs.  There is a huge need to have support and discussion mechanisms in place where couples can explore the issues in a safe space.

‘Birthplace of the Sun’ was always going to be more than a romantic adventure, which sought to raise awareness of its central location ‘Inzalo Y’langa’.  It was also to become a platform from which to raise important social issues…To sound the warning bell that modern relationships are doomed, unless both parties are prepared to have the difficult conversations.

Of particular importance is the new role of women in society and its impact on all role players, unless addressed in a sensible manner.  It is hoped that this work will encourage debate and discussion, both within society and between individual couples, to find a newly workable and comfortable solution to better address the issue.

The Zama Zama (‘Try your luck’ in Zulu)


Zama gold
Image from: The Roodepoort Record article ‘Zama-Drama’

The ‘Birthplace of the Sun’ novel had to incorporate the story of the Zama Zama, as it is so central to its core theme: Gold.  

It highlights their plight and blight in the hopes of obtaining regulation over an industry gone rogue both for the sake of the miners, and the mining industry, but also for those who suffer because of its lawless environment.

The research not only shows the dangers illegal miners deal with daily but also the dangers they result in.


In February, this year, more than 100 legal miners had to be rescued from a mineshaft collapse at the Makonjwaan Gold Mine, and 3 people are still considered missing.  The disaster sparked an outcry from AMCU and was widely reported in the press.

Yet, an article by CNN  in 2014 told of how a rival illegal mining gang blocked the exit and trapped up to 200 illegal miners alive underground in just one incident.  Some were rescued but untold numbers perished, ‘causing barely a ripple of outrage in South Africa’, they reported.

Illegal mining is mostly done by undocumented foreigners who are desperate for work.  In a country that already has more than 50% of its own youth unemployed, foreigners are usually the last to find formal work and to be protected under the law.

Gold Mining Fatalities:

Mining has always been a dangerous occupation, and gold mining is especially so due to the great depths involved, but it is infinitely more so for the Zama Zama.

Lawless Zama Rules:

Dangers they face themselves, include:

The Illegal Trade of Gold

Whilst the miners take all the dangers, associated with their illegal activities, they get very little for their efforts – around R350 per gram of gold sold in 2014.

The gold traders rake in the millions…just one was reported to have made R17 million in just five months

It is estimated that around 10% of South Africa’s entire gold production is from illegal activities, said in 2013 to amount to a staggering R72 billion.  ‘The South African Chamber of Mines says that more than a hundred and fifty million dollars was lost to zama zamas between 1999 and 2004.’ CNN reported.

In Conclusion:

Of course this is not only a South African problem…but a world-wide one.  Wherever there is poverty and mineral riches there will also be exploitation, such as the Illegal miners in Tanzania using child labour, as young as five years of age.

The South African Civil Society Information Service noted in their article: ‘Illegal Gold Mining in South Africa: The Deafening Silence on the Lives and Deaths of the Zama Zama Miners‘ that at the 2013 congress…the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) realized that, ‘… alongside fighting for decent work for already formally and informally organised workers, entrepreneurial workers who live in the shadows of formality in precarious jobs need to be recognised and organised if a better future is to be realised for all.’

Whilst it is recognized that this is a very convoluted issue with highly irregular and fractured players, which would make an easy fix difficult under any stretch of the imagination, it is hoped that the focus will spur a desire for some beginning to its resolution.

‘Birthplace of the Sun’ gives a very simplistic answer to this very complex problem – a hope almost…to spur action…to get it resolved for the sake of all involved.

Am I being naive to think that with the will anything can be resolved?

The Power of Gold

Birthplace half image final

The novel ‘Birthplace of the sun’ is as interwoven in gold, as is the land upon which it is located.

Heroin, Angela Bosch, must find: a headpiece of gold, with its peridot stone drop, and a golden sphere if she is to escape the hate-filled, ghostly birth mothers who seek her destruction.  The fact that it is made of gold is highly significant and is explored in this piece.

Mpumalanga Province

Remember my mentioning, in An incredible location, that the novel was based in and around the Adams Calendar (Inzalo Y’langa), in Mpumalanga?

Well, 50km from the Calendar is the town of Barberton, whose mountains are amongst the oldest in the world, dating back 3.5 billion years. Their volcanic rocks, know as the Barberton Greenstone Belt, hold the first forms of life on earth – a bacterial micro fossil (Archaeosphaeroides barbertonensis).

It is also a few hundred kilometers from the ‘Cradle of humankind’, where new ancient human skeletons are constantly being discovered.  The latest of which is the discovery, classified by Dr Lee Berger in 2013, of the mystifying Homo Naledi.

This made the area sufficiently ancient and the perfect location for the creation of the first humans of earth, especially as it tied in with the local legend that Birthplace of the sun – (is) where humanity was created by the gods.


But why use gold as a central core?

Well, besides the fact that the area is literally littered with old mine shaft markers…

Mine shaft
Old mine shaft a few meters from Adam’s Calendar

Gold also has many spiritual, energetic and inherent qualities, which tied perfectly into the story.

  • Gold’s vibration is connected with the sun and legend states that gold is ruled by the sun.
    • Making it perfect for ‘the Birthplace of the Sun’, which is located in ‘The place where the sun rises’ (the province of Mpumalanga).
  • Considered the bringer of wealth, happiness and comfort, as well as being a mineral of spirituality, magic and understanding.  It actually generates and transforms negative energy, it prevents spiritual corrosion, and it adds to the realm of complete understanding as it clears away negativity.  It emits an energy which prompts one to allow beauty to come forth from ones inner core.  Used in purification and balancing the heart chakra, it also opens the third eye and crown chakra’s.
    • Angela had to connect to God in order to remember her ancient past, and
    • She also needed to ward off the evil ghosts of the other Birth Mother of Earth, with what some may call magic.
  • Gold is the colour of wisdom
    • Angela needed the wisdom of the gold to fairly and justly determine who was to be healed, and
    • The golden sphere, she had to find and deliver, was to impart wisdom to the Presidency of the country.
  • It is said to assist one in tuning-in to nature and its healing forces, and has been called ‘the master healer’.
    • Angela had always been strongly connected to nature, and
    • She would use that to heal a nation and continent.
  • It eases those overburdened by responsibility, depression, inferiority.  It calms anger, even as it alleviates stress and amplifies positive feelings.
    • She had to stop the birth mothers and save the country, whilst healing the planet, and if she did not succeed she’d not find her Great Love.  It was a frightfully daunting task for one who did not know what was to be done to achieve it, at first, and she naturally had doubts as to her ability to succeed.
    • Angela would use it to survive and reenergize after months of lack of sleep from the nightly hauntings of the birthmothers.
    • It helped her accept that she had great power and influence, in order to overcome her natural feelings of insecurity given the monumental task she had to perform.
    • It aided her in coming into her true power and being comfortable with who she was changing into.
  • It is also a thought amplification aid with projective qualities onto other minerals and crystals, especially topaz, rubies, orange zircon and peridot.  Setting these in gold increases and enhances their power turning them into powerful amulets.
    • As her headpiece was partnered with Peridot, she’d use its thought amplification for protection from the Birth Mothers who sought to kill her and her guardians.
    • She’d also use it to save the life of her beloved.
  • Favoured in wedding bands, it is associated with love and faithfulness.
    • This aspect was the perfect fit for her journey to her Great Love.

Interesting facts about gold:

Availability of gold

Gold was discovered in copper ores in the earths crust, around 3 000BC and around 75 000 tons of gold had been extracted up to 2002.  Gold is being depleted and it now takes a lot more energy to extract the smaller quantities available:

  • Late 1800’s one could extract 25-30 grams of gold per ton
  • In 2012 we were down to just 1.22 grams of gold per ton
  • Just between 2005 and 2012 gold production dropped by 27%
  • And between 2011 and 2012 it dropped by 6% alone.


Found in South Africa, Russia, Australia and the USA.


Hardness 2.5-3.

Its atomic structure has six energy levels: 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1.  Its atomic number is 79, having 79 protons and 118 neutrons, and it has a melting point of 1064.43 degrees Celsius.

It is considered a transition metal with a cubic crystalline structure.

Its metallic bonds form non-directionally.  It is different from silver and gets its colour from its strong bond of positivity charged metal atoms in fixed positions surrounded by delocalized / scattered electrons. Free electrons means that they can move in the presence of an electric field, thus permitting energy bands to overlap.


Silver, gold and copper have similar electron configurations.  The different colours are the result of gold and copper having low reflectivity at short wavelengths, so that the red and yellow are preferentially reflected, whilst silver has a good reflectivity that does not vary with wavelengths and so its colour is close to white.

Gold mixed with copper becomes red-gold, if it is dissolved with silver it becomes green-gold, if it is blended with palladium and silver it becomes white-gold, and if it is added to indium or gallium it becomes blue-gold.  Gold can also be coloured using surface oxide layers by adding base metals to create blue, brown and even black-gold.

Power generation using Gold

The UC Santa Barbara’s Department of chemistry, chemical engineering and materials has used gold in the generation of renewable power:

  • A ‘forest’ of gold nano rods were capped with a crystalline layer of titanium dioxide decorated with platinum nano particles set in water and a cobalt-based oxidation catalyst before being deposited onto the lower portion of a solar array.
  • During the reaction, the water bonds (hydrogen ions) to split causing holes which generate electricity.
  • Important to note is that these nano rods were not subject to photo corrosion like current technologies, and will thus outlast their current counterparts.

Colouring Glass

Nanoparticles can also colour glass…colloidal silver creates yellow, whilst gold produces a purple-red and silver gives glass a pink (modernly called nano shells).  These concentrations can be thinned down to produce other colours for example golds purple colour will become greens and blues as the coating shell is thinned because the diameter of gold nano particles determines wavelengths absorbed and resultant colour.

References not already linked to in the text:

Book: ‘Healing crystals and gemstones’ by Dr Flora Peschek-Bohmer and Gisela Schreiber


Heroic Protector

An heroic protector
Venetian guardian

Heroic Protector

“Jacques had taken up martial arts to protect himself and his mother.  Sadly, as Hannalie recounted, she never permitted him to use it again after that first time.  Though her husband had been keen on dishing out his discipline, he had been unable to deal with the pain himself.  He’d whimpered about for days with the broken nose his son had inflicted, whilst saving his mother from another drunken beating.  Hannalie had loved the man so much that she could not get it over her heart to permit her son to stop and possibly hurt him again.  Jacques could not bear to stand by and watch her suffer needlessly, and so, respecting her wishes, he’d forced himself to leave.”

Angela may not have realized it but she needed a protector to help her battle: corrupt politicians and their lackeys; evil-ghostly Birth Mothers who sought her destruction; her own internal doubts; and even her very own sanity.  She, like most of us, could not do it alone no matter how hard she tried to solely rely on her own fierce independence and inner strength.  She needed a heroic protector – someone, who would be willing to take on her fight to protect her.  He needed the chance, which his past had not afforded him, to truly protect a woman he loved.  The fact that his mother had been unwilling to accept his protection had been very hard for him to accept, understand and survive.  But, it had made him mentally stronger and more than willing to defend Angela against all that sought to destroy her.  His past made him a natural protector of women and he was perfect to help her face all her demons.

But, besides needing a partner who would protect her, she also needed someone who was willing to have those difficult conversations and he proved he could go there.

What is a love anyway?

“‘What is a great love anyway and why should that be so different from what we have now or may have in future?  I don’t even know what love really is, for I have never had a great role model in that department.  If it is self-martyrdom at the expense of oneself, like my mother for my father, then I don’t want it.  If it is cruelly beating or shouting at the one you supposedly love to make them too afraid to leave you, like my father, then I don’t want it either

I want to learn everything there is to know about you, so that I can do everything in my power to make you happy.  I want to find out what makes your heart beat with excitement and what takes your breath away, as I adore you.  I want to protect you and what we have, for it makes me want to stand taller just because you are at my side…I want to hold deep discussions about life and everyday ones about the smaller things, for I greatly respect your opinion.  I want to make everything all right and support you to fly as high as you can in this life.  I want you and I want to be with you.’”

As ‘Birthplace of the sun’ has romance at its heart, it begged the question: ‘What is love and how should it be expressed?’

Exploring the concept further with reference to Jacques’ parents, Frankie and his Selloane, and, of course Jacques and Angela, it was clearly in the eye of the beholder.  Love means different things to different people and every couple should explore this for themselves and its implication for their relationship.

The extract above is part of a difficult conversation between Jacques and Angela in which they come to their own unique view, as a couple, on what love is not, what it ought to be and what it could be.  Everyone has their own view on love and on how it should be expressed, which is why it is a vital addition to any list of difficult conversations that couples need to explore together.

Difficult conversations

‘Birthplace of the sun’ leads couples in having  open, honest explorations of difficult conversations on important topics for better, stronger relationships.

Having difficult conversations sets the foundation for real communication and for a real relationship.  Too many of us reach the decision cross roads and take the easy route to stick to the superficial chats to keep the peace and not rock the boat.  The thing is that, in so doing we rob ourselves of discovering more about ourselves, and our partners.  We also rob ourselves both of the opportunity of having a truly meaningful relationship and of forcing ourselves to find out what it is that is truly bothering us.  It becomes easier to just leave and move on to the next relationship and follow the same pattern rather than actually putting in the work.  It becomes a convenient excuse to say, ‘Oh, we just did not work out.’  When, we should actually have said, ‘It was just too hard to figure out a way to make us work out.’

Having one honest conversation leads to trust in the future of that relationship but only if both parties are serious, open, transparent and wisely see it as the opportunity it truly is.  It is an opportunity to create a stronger, lasting relationship.   If you are not willing to have the difficult conversations with the person you are with then you should be urged to reevaluate your relationship and where it is going.

If you are willing to find a solution together then you will neither talk down to, nor over nor try to cleverly outwit the other person.  You will instead really listen to understand with compassion and caring – and not just to respond.  You’ll see its importance to the other person and that’ll make it important to you too.  You’ll make the decision to work at your relationship because it is important to you.

How can one honest conversation lead to trust in the future?

To answer that, I’ll have to dig into your imagination – if you’ll forgive the intrusion.

Imagine you’re a woman (men may if you wish invert the sexes in this analogy) and you’re with an amazing man who’s perfect for you – on paper, at least.  He’s handsome, witty, intelligent, sexy, confident, successful, loving and patient.  But, he simply cannot bring himself to have a difficult, serious conversation and will in fact go to inordinate lengths to avoid it.

Will this not eventually lead you to naturally start to lose faith in your future together because he is unwilling to share anything real with you?  Will you not begin to doubt your and your relationships importance to him because he’ll not go to that place within himself, or trust you enough to open up?  He resists and keeps the real him at a distance and the harder you try to get in, the higher he builds the wall to protect himself.  Finally, your relationship becomes stilted and no longer a beautiful thing.

The promise of a future together is lost because you did not have that one honest conversation.  If he’d had the courage to go there once, you’d have trusted in each other to be able to overcome anything and your future would have been secured from that apparently small thing onwards.  But it cannot be done alone…two must tango in every relationship…and it takes hard work.

How is just talking, hard work?

It is hard work because it involves taking a brave stand in being open to changing what you think, feel and even how you act.  It can be painful when you realize that you are not always right and that you have been wronging someone you care for.

It is frightening to lay your innermost fears out on the table, exposed to the light of scrutiny and logic – some may even fear having their own fears used against them but if you don’t take that chance your relationship is doomed anyway.  It can be even more frightening to go inside yourself to find out what your fears really are and to be willing to delve into that darkest of places within yourself.  That place you normally do not visit because it is just too scary.

It takes wisdom and compassion to not laugh at or belittle others fears because you just don’t see them as being an issue at all.  It takes respect to go there and respect to deal with it once it is all out in the open, and the giving of this respect results in a lasting trust and faith in one’s partner.  This beautiful thing will reward your leap of faith with untold treasures.

Some of the difficult conversations every couple should have:


  • The new role of women in relationships
  • Who will be responsible for what, where, when & how
  • What areas of daily life and responsibility requires joint agreement
  • Financial expense responsibilities (individually and jointly)
  • Support required from partner in specific areas
  • Pets and children – to have them / not, how they are to be cared for and by whom, etc.


  • What I require to feel loved, secure and needed
  • What is required from a partner, in case of a break up or death


  • Communication style, frequency, location (where is it best to broad a difficult subject – in restaurant / at home), etc.
  • What does love mean to you and how would you like it expressed and how would you like to express it
  • Living arrangements and environment
  • Holiday locations and frequency
  • Sexual and physical contact needs
  • Other likes and dislikes


  • Hobbies
  • Sport
  • Friends, etc.


  • Children – existing and prospective:
    • Education, expenses, discipline & rules of engagement, care if parents pass
  • Future goals, dreams and support required to get there
  • Where do you want to live
  • Retirement hopes and needs


  • What that may be and how best to handle them
  • Support required from partner


  • Who will pay for what when going out together
  • How often with they be going out as a couple and how much will be alone time with friends.

Please add any other important issues that couples may need to address, in the comments below, and thank you for your contribution.

A yogic heroin

My Seated Buddah

Yoga and art have helped me through many a challenging time.

In 2000, needing a change of direction (a reinvention, if you will) I arrived in Taiwan, in time for the very noisy Chinese New Year celebrations, to teach English.

The challenges

The challenges were many: the culture shock; the struggle to get what was agreed in my employment contract; the incredibly long hours; the lack of sleep; and the nearly complete isolation.

For my first trip outside of South Africa (except for traveling to Zimbabwe with my parents, as a child), I chose to not only go to the other side of the world alone without support but I chose to go to a place that did not speak English.  I have never shied away from challenges, and have sometimes even sought them out but this was taking it to a whole new level.  My poor guardian angels were working overtime to keep me safe and sane.

The only help I had was a travel guide book and an English / Mandarin dictionary.  My only communication with home for the first two months (until I found an internet cafe and discovered the joyous wonder of email for the first time) was letter writing, which took several weeks to get a reply on.  This was even before mobile had become commonplace.

I was constantly tired from getting only 3-4 hours sleep a day, six days a week.  Giving night classes at the school, I still had to travel to Taipei to attend classes in the required teaching methodology, before dashing back to Tsaotun (central Taiwan) to prep for the nights classes and then only walk back home at around 2 in the morning after marking and closing up.

It was just a few months after a 7.6 earthquake (known as the 921 quake – 21 September ’99) epi-centered just a few kilometers from Tsaotun, which killed more than 2400 people and injured 11000 more.  The large cracks in the thickest of concrete structures were still vividly evident everywhere.  The broken buildings, roads and windows revealed the power of nature, like I had never seen it before, and gave my first quake experience a new perspective as it taught me how to completely surrender.

Taiwan, in the midst of election preparations, was being constantly buzzed by Chinese fighter planes threatening against opposition to its reunification.  Even as trucks, heavily ladened with enormous loudspeakers, where trawling up and down the streets at all hours of the day and night bombarding all and sundry with unintelligible election promises.

I rarely knew exactly what it was that I was eating, both because I was unable to read the menu’s but also because what was supposed to be ‘pork’ did not taste or look like any pork I’d eaten before.  I discovered that I fortunately had a fairly strong constitution, for most visitors would become ill within the first week.

I regularly cried at the treatment of the poor animals and cringed at the things I saw in the markets, bewildered that they could even be considered food.

Being a good head and shoulders above every other resident, I tended to stand out and quickly realized that to try to blend in was a lost cause.  I made peace with it, mostly ignoring the open stares and trying to not get upset at the blatant rudeness of it all.  I was also the only white female in the town (the only others being: two Mormon missionaries and the headmistress’ fiancé), which added to my ‘oddity’ status.

During one bus journey, going to morning studies in Taipei, with such hectic humidity that the interior condensation literally ran down the inside walls of the bus and dripped off the ceiling, I had an uncomfortable experience.  It was not the drips off the ceiling running through my hair, which made me uncomfortable, nor was it the incessant staring.  This time, it was a couple of fellow passengers, a group of forward women.  Pointing at me, they chatted amongst themselves, as they stared at me with expressionless, unreadable faces.  This was nothing new but it all changed when they surrounded me.  Pushing right into my personal space, they reached out to touch my face, arms and hair, as though to make sure that I was real.  It was like something out of a horror movie at first, until I realized that they were simply curious – and that itself was curious.

Meditation kept me sane

Though challenging, Taiwan gave me such a great deal of learning and growth in return.

Living on the 11th floor (of the only building in town over four floors in height) I overlooked a mountain upon which stood a beautiful Taoist temple.  On Sundays (my only day off) I would brave up and go exploring the town, especially appreciating the many temples and shrines on every street.  Back at the apartment, I began to meditate whilst looking out over the temple, to reenergize myself for the coming week.

I found inner peace and calm, and so began my journey to yoga.

Yogic beginnings

Back home, having found such benefit in meditation I took it further to learn yoga and It was a perfect and natural fit.

There is a saying that…when the student is ready, the teacher will appear.

I was fortunate enough to find an Iyengar yoga instructor who became a mentor.  When she later moved away our bond was halted.  Though sad, it was also beautiful, as it kept the experience about the yoga and connection to the Creator and that personal journey, rather than becoming about a ‘guru’.

A yogic heroin

Standing prayer.jpg

Yoga and meditation have allowed me to explore so many new and exciting revelations about my own mind, body, abilities and soul…that there could be no doubt that the heroin of ‘Birthplace of the sun’ would need to embody that.

She would need to access her ancient memories, seamlessly connect with the Creator (God) and be able to heal others.  She’d have wisdom and faith to overcome the evil, hate-filled ghosts, which haunted and sought her destruction.  She had to not only be a spiritual person but also a very strong woman, as she grew in her power to face her demons.  And finally, she needed to be compassionate as one of the Birthmothers of Earth, to complete her mission and save her people…and that is what she became…


Taiwan 1999 earthquake:


of downward dogs and life lessons

You have made tangible the previously intangible. Yoga has called you to truly understand and share its beautiful essence on your journey, and you have done so with stunning eloquence. Thank you so much for sharing this, Chanyado.
Lyn Laubscher


The Lion

I am five years old. My mum has gone mad. Sitting on her heels, fingers splayed out on each knee, her eyes bulge out, pupils rolling back into her head. Her mouth is wide open, so wide I am worried her skin may start to rip at the corners. Her tongue sticks out as if she is trying to catch raindrops. She breathes in. When she breathes out, a long aggressive ‘haaaaaaa’ comes out of her mouth. I am terrified. This is my first introduction to yoga.


My grandfather spends several minutes everyday sitting cross-legged on the floor doing a series of breathing exercises. He forcefully thrusts his stomach out and extends it as if he is mimicking being pregnant. And then all of a sudden it snaps all the way back in disappearing into his spine. His tummy undulates like a rippling fleshy wave, in and…

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